About Australia

Australia is a country and is also a continent. It is located in Oceania between the Indian Ocean and the South Pacific Ocean.  It was founded on January 26, 1788. (photo above is taken by Jan Kratochvila / Shutterstock.com)

History [Founded on January 26, 1788] • Capital [Canberra] • Government [Parliamentary Democracy (Federal Constitutional Monarchy)] • Currency [Australian dollar ($, AUD)] • Language [English(official)] • Religion [Christian Catholic , Anglican and Uniting Church] • Electricity [240V, 50Hz (plug Type I)] • Time Zone [UTC +8 to +10] • Country Code [+64] • Internet TLD [.au ] • Emergencies [Dial 000]

Australia Travel Guide

This local travel guide below will provide you with local travel information & tips to plan your trip to Australia and find the best things to see, do and experience in Australia even before you arrive here.

Local Attractions

Ayer Rock, Uluru

Ayer Rock Stanislav Fosenbauer / Shutterstock.com
Stanislav Fosenbauer / Shutterstock.com

Uluru, or Ayers Rock, is located in the heart of the Northern Territory’s Red Centre desertUluru (photo by Stanislav Fosenbauer / Shutterstock.com). It is a large sandstone monolith and is now a very popular Australian land mark. To the Aboriginal, this is a sacred site.

Blue mountain Australia

Blue mountain AustraliaThe Three Sisters From Echo Point, Blue Mountains National Park.

Bondi Beach

Bondi BeachBondi Beach in Sydney, Australia.

Great ocean Road

Great ocean RoadTwelve Apostles and orange cliffs along the Great Ocean Road in Australia.

Queen Victoria Building

Queen Victoria Building Tooykrub / Shutterstock.com
Tooykrub / Shutterstock.com

It is a late nineteenth-century building designed by the architect George McRae in Sydney, Australia.  (photp by Tooykrub / Shutterstock.com)

Sydney harbor bridge

Sydney harbor bridge

North Sydney city Australia harbor bridge.

Sydney Opera House

Sydney Opera House Jan Kratochvila / Shutterstock.com
Jan Kratochvila / Shutterstock.com

Night view of Sydney Opera House with Harbour Bridge.  (Photo by Jan Kratochvila / Shutterstock.com)

Sydney Tower

Sydney Tower FiledIMAGE / Shutterstock.com
FiledIMAGE / Shutterstock.com

Sydney Tower is Sydney’s tallest structure and the second tallest observation tower in the Southern Hemisphere.  From the observation tower, one can view the Sydney CBD area.  (Photo by FiledIMAGE / Shutterstock.com)


WhitsundaysHumpback Whale breaching, Whitsundays,Australia.



Restaurant – No tipping expected.
Tour Guide – No tipping expected.
Hotel –  No tipping expected.
Taxi Driver – No tipping expected.
Spas – No tipping expected.
Hair Dresser – No tipping expected.

Money & Duty Free


Australian Dollar:  AUD with symbol: A$ = 100 cents
Australian Dollar Notes denominations (A$): 5, 10, 20, 50, 100
Australian Coin denominations (A$): 1, 2
Australian Coin denominations (cents): 5, 10, 20, 50

Credit cards

MasterCard, American Express and Visa are widely accepted in hotels, shops and restaurants.  It is advisable to have more smaller US dollar notes for easy spending as locals prefer dollars.


ATMs are available in many places and accept cards from overseas banks such as MasterCard, Visa, Cirrus, Plus, Maestro.  Except rural areas.

Travellers cheques

Widely accepted. In major currencies example US dollars, pound Sterling, Euro

Banking hours

Mon to Fri: 0930-1600
Fri: 0930-1700

Safety Guide

Emergency number

Dail 999

Keep yourself insured

  1. Ensure you buy travel insurance before you come as admitting to local hospitals for tourists will be expensive.

Keep yourself safe

  1. Do not walk alone late at night.
  2. Avoid unlit areas.
  3. Do not leave your drink unattended.
  4. Do not carry a lot of valuables and cash.
  5. Avoid cash counting in public.
  6. Do not accept offer of rides from stranger.

Keep belongings safe

  1. Ensure your cars and accommodation are locked when leaving for other destinations.
  2. Do not leave your wallets, mobile phones, bags, backpacks,  or cameras unattended in public places.
  3. Report lost or stolen possessions to local police stations. Get a report from them if you are claiming travel insurance.

Keeping safe with alcohol

  1. If you drink alcohol in designated ban area could lead to fine or being arrested.
  2. You can be fined for drinking alcohol on public transport, including taxis.
  3. If you drink, take cab back to your accommodation. Best if your friend can accompany.

Keeping your credit cards and identity safe

  1. Do not show your credit card number and PIN that will let people capture with a camera.
  2. Do not bring too many credit cards.
  3. Report lost or stolen credit cards immediately.